The two primary types of mine are underground mines and open-pit mines. Minerals that exists mostly underground(e.g.: coal, gold etc.) are generally recovered using the underground mining process. Minerals like iron ore, limestone, manganese ore, etc. are mostly recovered from the surface downwards in opencast mining. the need for mineral extraction and production is an essential activity of any technically proficient society.
The breadth of subjects covered in the mining curriculum provides additional opportunities in allied fields. Rotates sector businesses, as well a state and central agencies, rely on the services of mining engineers. In addition, one can get a job in the government sector: Mines, Minerals Developed corporation and mining department of Union and state government.